Scientific Research

Our team has published literature on ultrasound diagnosis for orthopedic conditions, as well as other topics, throughout their career. Additionally, our staff regularly searches the leading orthopedic and regenerative medicine journals for research to guide our practice. Our doctors continue to compile the latest clinical research and new scientific technology, and they continue to lecture worldwide about ultrasound guided regenerative medicine. See articles below that help to support the work that we do.

Autoimmune Disorders

Galeotti, C., & Bayry, J. (2020). Autoimmune and inflammatory diseases following COVID-19. Nature Reviews Rheumatology, 16(8), 413-414.

Husebye, E. S., Anderson, M. S., & Kämpe, O. (2018). Autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes. New England Journal of Medicine, 378(12), 1132-1141.

Krienke, C., Kolb, L., Diken, E., Streuber, M., Kirchhoff, S., Bukur, T., … & Sahin, U. (2021). A noninflammatory mRNA vaccine for treatment of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Science, 371(6525), 145-153.

Lazarian, G., Quinquenel, A., Bellal, M., Siavellis, J., Jacquy, C., Re, D., … & Cymbalista, F. (2020). Autoimmune haemolytic anaemia associated with COVID‐19 infection. British journal of haematology.

Lee, D. S., Rojas, O. L., & Gommerman, J. L. (2021). B cell depletion therapies in autoimmune disease: advances and mechanistic insights. Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, 20(3), 179-199.

Lenti, M. V., Rugge, M., Lahner, E., Miceli, E., Toh, B. H., Genta, R. M., … & Di Sabatino, A. (2020). Autoimmune gastritis. Nature Reviews Disease Primers, 6(1), 1-19.

Lopez, C., Kim, J., Pandey, A., Huang, T., & DeLoughery, T. G. (2020). Simultaneous onset of COVID‐19 and autoimmune haemolytic anaemia. British journal of haematology.

Pollak, T. A., Lennox, B. R., Müller, S., Benros, M. E., Prüss, H., van Elst, L. T., … & Bechter, K. (2020). Autoimmune psychosis: an international consensus on an approach to the diagnosis and management of psychosis of suspected autoimmune origin. The Lancet Psychiatry, 7(1), 93-108.

Rodríguez, Y., Novelli, L., Rojas, M., De Santis, M., Acosta-Ampudia, Y., Monsalve, D. M., … & Anaya, J. M. (2020). Autoinflammatory and autoimmune conditions at the crossroad of COVID-19. Journal of autoimmunity, 114, 102506.

Growth Factors

Aaronson, S. A. (1991). Growth factors and cancer. Science, 254(5035), 1146-1153.
Cohick, W. S., & Clemmons, D. R. (1993). The insulin-like growth factors. Annual review of physiology, 55(1), 131-153.

Froesch, E. R., Schmid, C., Schwander, J. T., & Zapf, J. (1985). Actions of insulin-like growth factors. Annual review of physiology, 47(1), 443-467.

Goustin, A. S., Leof, E. B., Shipley, G. D., & Moses, H. L. (1986). Growth factors and cancer. Cancer research, 46(3), 1015-1029.

Kuter, D. J. (2007). New thrombopoietic growth factors. Blood, The Journal of the American Society of Hematology, 109(11), 4607-4616.

Le Roith, D. (1997). Insulin-like growth factors. New England Journal of Medicine, 336(9), 633-640.

Mohan, S., & Baylink, D. J. (1991). Bone growth factors. Clinical orthopaedics and related research, (263), 30-48.

Morstyn, G., & Burgess, A. W. (1988). Hemopoietic growth factors: a review. Cancer research, 48(20), 5624-5637.

Roy, H., Bhardwaj, S., & Ylä-Herttuala, S. (2006). Biology of vascular endothelial growth factors. FEBS letters, 580(12), 2879-2887.

Tammela, T., Enholm, B., Alitalo, K., & Paavonen, K. (2005). The biology of vascular endothelial growth factors. Cardiovascular research, 65(3), 550-563.

Gut Health

Bischoff, S. C. (2011). ‘Gut health’: a new objective in medicine?. BMC medicine, 9(1), 1-14.

Choct, M. (2009). Managing gut health through nutrition. British poultry science, 50(1), 9-15.

Collado, M. C., Isolauri, E., Salminen, S., & Sanz, Y. (2009). The impact of probiotic on gut health. Current drug metabolism, 10(1), 68-78.

Cummings, J. H., Antoine, J. M., Azpiroz, F., Bourdet-Sicard, R., Brandtzaeg, P., Calder, P. C., … & Watzl, B. (2004). PASSCLAIM1—Gut health and immunity. European Journal of Nutrition, 43(2), ii118-ii173.

Kogut, M. H., & Arsenault, R. J. (2016). Gut health: The new paradigm in food animal production. Frontiers in veterinary science, 3, 71.

Pei, R., Liu, X., & Bolling, B. (2020). Flavonoids and gut health. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 61, 153-159.

Pluske, J. R., Turpin, D. L., & Kim, J. C. (2018). Gastrointestinal tract (gut) health in the young pig. Animal Nutrition, 4(2), 187-196.

Puupponen-Pimiä, R. A. M. A., Aura, A. M., Oksman-Caldentey, K. M., Myllärinen, P., Saarela, M., Mattila-Sandholm, T., & Poutanen, K. (2002). Development of functional ingredients for gut health. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 13(1), 3-11.

Wan, M. L., Ling, K. H., El-Nezami, H., & Wang, M. F. (2019). Influence of functional food components on gut health. Critical reviews in food science and nutrition, 59(12), 1927-1936.

Windey, K., De Preter, V., & Verbeke, K. (2012). Relevance of protein fermentation to gut health. Molecular nutrition & food research, 56(1), 184-196.

Herbal Medicine & Supplements

Attele AS, Zhou YP, Xie JT, et al. Antidiabetic effects of Panax ginseng berry extract and the identification of an effective component. Diabetes. 2002;51(6):1851-1858.

Ernst E. The risk-benefit profile of commonly used herbal therapies: ginkgo, St. John’s wort, ginseng, echinacea, saw palmetto, and kava. Ann Intern Med. 2002;136(1):42-53.

Kudo K, Tachikawa H, Kashimoto T, Takahashi E. Properties of ginseng saponin inhibition of catecholamine secretion in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. Eur J Pharmacol. 1998;341(2-3):139-144.

Ariga T, Seki T. Antithrombotic and anticancer effects of garlic-derived sulfur compounds: a review. Biofactors. 2006;26(2):93-103.

Liu L, Yeh YY. Inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis by organosulfur compounds derived from garlic. Lipids. 2000;35(2):197-203.

Khanum F, Anilakumar KR, Viswanathan KR. Anticarcinogenic properties of garlic: a review. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2004;44(6):479-488.

Pellati F, Benvenuti S, Melegari M, Lasseigne T. Variability in the composition of anti-oxidant compounds in Echinacea species by HPLC. Phytochem Anal. 2005;16(2):77-85.

Schoop R, Klein P, Suter A, Johnston SL. Echinacea in the prevention of induced rhinovirus colds: a meta-analysis. Clin Ther. 2006;28(2):174-183.

Van Kampen J, Robertson H, Hagg T, Drobitch R. Neuroprotective actions of the ginseng extract G115 in two rodent models of Parkinson’s disease. Exp Neurol. 2003;184(1):521-529.

Vogler BK, Pittler MH, Ernst E. The efficacy of ginseng: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1999;55(8):567-575.

HIVAMAT

Atkinson, R. (1969). A simple theory of the Johnsen-Rahbek effect. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 2(3), 325.

Fitch, R. K., & Rushton, G. J. (1970). Modes of operation of an electrostatic charged particle oscillator. Vacuum, 20(10), 445-446.

Gasbarro, Vincenzo & Bartoletti, Roberto & Tsolaki, Elpiniki & SABRINA, SILENO & MICHELE, AGNATI & M, CONTI & C, BERTACCINI. (2006). Role of HIVAMAT ® 200 (deep oscillation) in the treatment of the lymphedema of the limbs. European Journal of Lymphology and Related Problems. 16.

Hausmann, M., Ober, J., Lepley, A. The Effectiveness of Deep Oscillation Therapy on Reducing Swelling and Pain in Athletes With Acute Lateral Ankle Sprains in Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. Volume 28: Issue 8: 902–905. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2018-0152

Jahr S. Effect of treatment with low-intensity and extremely low-frequency electrostatic fields (deep oscillation®) on breast tissue and pain in patients with secondary breast lymphoedema. J Rehabil Med. 2008;40(8):645-650.

Mikhalchik E., Titkova S., Anurov. M., Suprun M., Ivanova A., Trakhtman I., Reinhold J. Wound Healing Effects of DEEP OSCILLATION. . 2005.

Rumbaut RE. Magnetic therapy for edema in inflammation: A physiological assessment. American journal of physiology.Heart and circulatory physiology. 2008;294(1):H19-H20.

Winkelmann, Z., Roberts, E., Games, K. Acute Effects and Perceptions of Deep Oscillation Therapy for Improving Hamstring Flexibility in Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. Volume 27: Issue 6: 570–576. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2017-0044

Hormones

Frank Z. Stanczyk et al. American Journal of OB/GYN, Volume 159, No. 6 A Randomized Comparison of Non Oral Estradiol Delivery in Post-Menopausal Women

Cardozo, L., Gibb, D. M., Tuck, S. M., Thom, M. H., Studd, J. W., & Cooper, D. J. (1984). The effects of subcutaneous hormone implants during the climacteric. Maturitas, 5(3), 177-184.

Archer, D. F., Sturdee, D. W., Baber, R., de Villiers, T. J., Pines, A., Freedman, R. R., … & Warren, M. (2011). Menopausal hot flushes and night sweats: where are we now?. Climacteric, 14(5), 515-528.

Garnett, T., Studd, J. W., Henderson, A., Watson, N., Savvas, M., & Leather, A. (1990). Hormone implants and tachyphylaxis. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 97(10), 917-921.

Zmuda J., Amer. J. Card. 1996; 77:1244-1247, Zmuda J., Atherosclerosis. 1997; 130:199-202, and Collins P., Circulation. 1999; 100: 1690-1696,

Josefine Windfeld-Mathiasen, Kim Peder Dalhoff, Jon Trærup Andersen, Marc Klemp, Anna Horwitz, Henrik Horwitz, Male Fertility Before and After Androgen Abuse, The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Volume 106, Issue 2, February 2021, Pages 442–449, https://doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgaa837

Carnegie, C. (2004). Diagnosis of hypogonadism: clinical assessments and laboratory tests. Reviews in Urology, 6(Suppl 6), S3.

Glaser, R., York, A. E., & Dimitrakakis, C. (2011). Beneficial effects of testosterone therapy in women measured by the validated Menopause Rating Scale (MRS). Maturitas, 68(4), 355-361.

Dimitrakakis, C., & Bondy, C. (2009). Androgens and the breast. Breast cancer research, 11(5), 1-9.

Zimmermann, S., Anderson, J., Andresen, J., Barsotti, E., Chramowicz, J., Duerling, G., … & Thomas, T. (1996). Test stand for the silicon vertex detector of the Collider Detector Facility. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 43(3), 1170-1174.

Immune System

Colonna, M. (2003). TREMs in the immune system and beyond. Nature Reviews Immunology, 3(6), 445-453.

Crocker, P. R., & Varki, A. (2001). Siglecs in the immune system. Immunology, 103(2), 137.

Delves, P. J., & Roitt, I. M. (2000). The immune system. New England journal of medicine, 343(1), 37-49.

Jerne, N. K. (1973). The immune system. Scientific American, 229(1), 52-63.

Levy, M., Kolodziejczyk, A. A., Thaiss, C. A., & Elinav, E. (2017). Dysbiosis and the immune system. Nature Reviews Immunology, 17(4), 219-232.

Nicholson, L. B. (2016). The immune system. Essays in biochemistry, 60(3), 275-301.

Parkin, J., & Cohen, B. (2001). An overview of the immune system. The Lancet, 357(9270), 1777-1789.

Parham, P. (2014). The immune system. Garland Science.

Sacerdote, P. (2006). Opioids and the immune system. Palliative medicine, 20(8_suppl), 9-15.

Sompayrac, L. M. (2019). How the immune system works. John Wiley & Sons.

IV Infusions

Conlon, N., & Ford, D. (2022). A systems-approach to NAD+ restoration. Biochemical pharmacology, 114946.

Covarrubias, A. J., Perrone, R., Grozio, A., & Verdin, E. (2021). NAD+ metabolism and its roles in cellular processes during ageing. Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology, 22(2), 119-141.

Gaby, A. R. (2002). Intravenous nutrient therapy: the” Myers’ cocktail”. Alternative Medicine Review, 7(5), 389-403.

Hou, Y., Lautrup, S., Cordonnier, S., Wang, Y., Croteau, D. L., Zavala, E., … & Bohr, V. A. (2018). NAD+ supplementation normalizes key Alzheimer’s features and DNA damage responses in a new AD mouse model with introduced DNA repair deficiency. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(8), E1876-E1885.

Kohtala, S. (2021). Ketamine—50 years in use: from anesthesia to rapid antidepressant effects and neurobiological mechanisms. Pharmacological Reports, 73(2), 323-345.

Lautrup, S., Sinclair, D. A., Mattson, M. P., & Fang, E. F. (2019). NAD+ in brain aging and neurodegenerative disorders. Cell metabolism, 30(4), 630-655.

Lipotropic injections for sale – buy US made Lipo Shots Online. Fitness Edge. (n.d.). Retrieved May 25, 2022, from https://fitnessedge.net/lipotropic-injections-for-sale/
Nixon, G. M. (2022). Divergent threads woven into a new spacetime fabric. Journal of Psychedelic Studies.

Yang, Y., & Sauve, A. A. (2016). NAD+ metabolism: Bioenergetics, signaling and manipulation for therapy. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Proteins and Proteomics, 1864(12), 1787-1800.

Zhang, M., & Ying, W. (2019). NAD+ deficiency is a common central pathological factor of a number of diseases and aging: mechanisms and therapeutic implications. Antioxidants & redox signaling, 30(6), 890-905.

Cardiovascular Disease

Ackermann RT, Mulrow CD, Ramirez G, Gardner CD, Morbidoni L, Lawrence VA. Garlic shows promise for improving some cardiovascular risk factors. Arch Intern Med. 2001;161(6):813-824.

Dietz BM, Mahady GB, Pauli GF, Farnsworth NR. Valerian extract and valerenic acid are partial agonists of the 5-HT5a receptor in vitro. Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2005;138(2):191-197.

Donath F, Quispe S, Diefenbach K, Maurer A, Fietze I, Roots I. Critical evaluation of the effect of valerian extract on sleep structure and sleep quality. Pharmacopsychiatry. 2000;33(2):47-53.

Murphy K, Kubin ZJ, Shepard JN, Ettinger RH. Valeriana officinalis root extracts have potent anxiolytic effects in laboratory rats. Phytomedicine. 2010;17(8-9):674-678.

Santos MS, Ferreira F, Cunha AP, Carvalho AP, Riberio CF, Macedo T. Synaptosomal GABA release as influenced by valerian root extract: involvement of the GABA carrier. Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther. 1994;327(2):220-231.

Simons S, Wollersheim H, Thien T. A systematic review on the influence of trial quality on the effect of garlic on blood pressure. Neth J Med. 2009;67(6):212-219.

Longevity

Ashapkin, V. V., Kutueva, L. I., & Vanyushin, B. F. (2019). Epigenetic clock: just a convenient marker or an active driver of aging?. Reviews on Biomarker Studies in Aging and Anti-Aging Research, 175-206.

Ben-Avraham, D. (2015). Epigenetics of aging. Longevity Genes, 179-191.
Gravina, S., & Vijg, J. (2010). Epigenetic factors in aging and longevity. Pflügers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology, 459(2), 247-258.

Moskalev, A., Aliper, A., Smit-McBride, Z., Buzdin, A., & Zhavoronkov, A. (2014). Genetics and epigenetics of aging and longevity. Cell Cycle, 13(7), 1063-1077.

Park, J. H., Yoo, Y., & Park, Y. J. (2017). Epigenetics: linking nutrition to molecular mechanisms in aging. Preventive nutrition and food science, 22(2), 81.

Thompson, M. J., Chwiałkowska, K., Rubbi, L., Lusis, A. J., Davis, R. C., Srivastava, A., … & Pellegrini, M. (2018). A multi-tissue full lifespan epigenetic clock for mice. Aging (Albany NY), 10(10), 2832.

Unnikrishnan, A., Freeman, W. M., Jackson, J., Wren, J. D., Porter, H., & Richardson, A. (2019). The role of DNA methylation in epigenetics of aging. Pharmacology & therapeutics, 195, 172-185.

Vaiserman, A. M. (2010). Hormesis, adaptive epigenetic reorganization, and implications for human health and longevity. Dose-Response, 8(1), dose-response.

Vaiserman, A., & Pasyukova, E. G. (2012). Epigenetic drugs: a novel anti-aging strategy?. Frontiers in genetics, 3, 224.

Vaiserman, A. M. (2008). Epigenetic engineering and its possible role in anti-aging intervention. Rejuvenation Research, 11(1), 39-42.

Neurofeedback Therapy

Egner, T., & Sterman, M. B. (2006). Neurofeedback treatment of epilepsy: from basic rationale to practical application. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics, 6(2), 247-257.

Keller, I. (2001). Neurofeedback therapy of attention deficits in patients with traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurotherapy, 5(1-2), 19-32.

Kotchoubey, B., Strehl, U., Holzapfel, S., Blankenhorn, V., Fröscher, W., & Birbaumer, N. (1999). Negative potential shifts and the prediction of the outcome of neurofeedback therapy in epilepsy. Clinical Neurophysiology, 110(4), 683-686.

Munivenkatappa, A., Rajeswaran, J., Indira Devi, B., Bennet, N., & Upadhyay, N. (2014). EEG Neurofeedback therapy: Can it attenuate brain changes in TBI?. NeuroRehabilitation, 35(3), 481-484.

Ordikhani-Seyedlar, M., Lebedev, M. A., Sorensen, H. B., & Puthusserypady, S. (2016). Neurofeedback therapy for enhancing visual attention: state-of-the-art and challenges. Frontiers in neuroscience, 10, 352.

Hammond, D. C. (2007). What is neurofeedback?. Journal of neurotherapy, 10(4), 25-36.

Rayegani, S. M., Raeissadat, S. A., Sedighipour, L., Mohammad Rezazadeh, I., Bahrami, M. H., Eliaspour, D., & Khosrawi, S.(2014). Effect of neurofeedback and electromyographic-biofeedback therapy on improving hand function in stroke patients. Topics in stroke rehabilitation, 21(2), 137-151.

Peniston, E. G., & Kulkosky, P. J. (1999). Neurofeedback in the treatment of addictive disorders. In Introduction to quantitative EEG and neurofeedback (pp. 157-179). Academic Press.

Renton, T., Tibbles, A., & Topolovec-Vranic, J. (2017). Neurofeedback as a form of cognitive rehabilitation therapy following stroke: A systematic review. PloS one, 12(5), e0177290.

Surmeli, T., & Ertem, A. (2009). QEEG guided neurofeedback therapy in personality disorders: 13 case studies. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 40(1), 5-10.

Our Team’s Research

Agrawal, A. C., & Kalia, R. B. (2015). Platelet rich plasma in tendinopathies. Orthopaedic Journal of MP Chapter, 21(2), 11-20.

Alsousou, J., Ali, A., Willett, K., & Harrison, P. (2013). The role of platelet-rich plasma in tissue regeneration. Platelets, 24(3), 173-182.

Chang, K. V., Hung, C. Y., Aliwarga, F., Wang, T. G., Han, D. S., & Chen, W. S. (2014). Comparative effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma injections for treating knee joint cartilage degenerative pathology: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 95(3), 562-575.

Erroi, D., Sigona, M., Suarez, T., Trischitta, D., Pavan, A., Vulpiani, M. C., & Vetrano, M. (2017). Conservative treatment for Insertional Achilles Tendinopathy: platelet-rich plasma and focused shock waves. A retrospective study. Muscles, ligaments and tendons journal, 7(1), 98.

Fields, B. K., Skalski, M. R., Patel, D. B., White, E. A., Tomasian, A., Gross, J. S., & Matcuk, G. R. (2019). Adhesive capsulitis: review of imaging findings, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and treatment options. Skeletal radiology, 48(8), 1171-1184.

Henning, P. R., & Grear, B. J. (2018). Platelet-rich plasma in the foot and ankle. Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, 11(4), 616-623.

Oryan, A., Alidadi, S., & Moshiri, A. (2016). Platelet-rich plasma for bone healing and regeneration. Expert opinion on biological therapy, 16(2), 213-232.

Peck, E., & Ely, E. (2013). Successful treatment of de Quervain tenosynovitis with ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle tenotomy and platelet-rich plasma injection: a case presentation. PM&R, 5(5), 438-441.

Sampson, S., Reed, M., Silvers, H., Meng, M., & Mandelbaum, B. (2010). Injection of platelet-rich plasma in patients with primary and secondary knee osteoarthritis: a pilot study. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 89(12), 961-969.

Sampson, S., Meng, M., Schulte, A., Trainor, D., Montenegro, R., & Aufiero, D. (2011). Management of Dupuytren contracture with ultrasound-guided lidocaine injection and needle aponeurotomy coupled with osteopathic manipulative treatment. Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 111(2), 113-116.

Yausep, O. E., Madhi, I., & Trigkilidas, D. (2020). Platelet rich plasma for treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus: a systematic review of clinical trials. Journal of Orthopaedics, 18, 218-225.

Peptides

Albericio, F., & Kruger, H. G. (2012). Therapeutic peptides. Future medicinal chemistry, 4(12), 1527-1531.

Cheng, R. P., Gellman, S. H., & DeGrado, W. F. (2001). β-Peptides: from structure to function. Chemical reviews, 101(10), 3219-3232.

Degrado, W. F. (1988). Design of peptides and proteins. Advances in protein chemistry, 39, 51-124.

Latham, P. W. (1999). Therapeutic peptides revisited. Nature biotechnology, 17(8), 755-757.

Levin, E. R., Gardner, D. G., & Samson, W. K. (1998). Natriuretic peptides. New England Journal of Medicine, 339(5), 321-328.

Lien, S., & Lowman, H. B. (2003). Therapeutic peptides. Trends in biotechnology, 21(12), 556-562.

Kastin, A. (Ed.). (2013). Handbook of biologically active peptides. Academic press.

Krieger, D. T. (1983). Brain peptides: what, where, and why?. Science, 222(4627), 975-985.

Rudolph, M. G., Stanfield, R. L., & Wilson, I. A. (2006). How TCRs bind MHCs, peptides, and coreceptors. Annu. Rev. Immunol., 24, 419-466.

Rose, G. D., Glerasch, L. M., & Smith, J. A. (1985). Turns in peptides and proteins. Advances in protein chemistry, 37, 1-109.

PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma)

Atala, A., & Allickson, J. (Eds.). (2014). Translational regenerative medicine. Academic Press.

Aufiero, D., Vincent, H., Sampson, S., & Bodor, M. (2015). Regenerative injection treatment in the spine: review and case series with platelet rich plasma. J Stem Cells Res. Rev & Rep, 2(1), 1019.

Ibrahim, V. M., Groah, S. L., Libin, A., Ljungberg, I. H., Aufiero, D., Patel, K., & Sampson, S. (2013). USE OF PLATELET RICH PLASMA FOR THE TREATMENT OF BICIPITAL TENDINOPATHY IN SPINAL CORD INJURY: A PILOT STUDY. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47(9), e2-e2.

Kon, E., Di Matteo, B., Delgado, D., Cole, B. J., Dorotei, A., Dragoo, J. L., … & Sánchez, M. (2020). Platelet-rich plasma for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: an expert opinion and proposal for a novel classification and coding system. Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy, 20(12), 1447-1460.

Lana, J. F., Weglein, A., Sampson, S. E., Vicente, E. F., Huber, S. C., Souza, C. V., … & Belangero, W. D. (2016). Randomized controlled trial comparing hyaluronic acid, platelet-rich plasma and the combination of both in the treatment of mild and moderate osteoarthritis of the knee. Journal of stem cells & regenerative medicine, 12(2), 69.

Li, M. D., Atkins, H., & Bubela, T. (2014). The global landscape of stem cell clinical trials. Regenerative medicine, 9(1), 27-39.

Mishra, A. K., Skrepnik, N. V., Edwards, S. G., Jones, G. L., Sampson, S., Vermillion, D. A., … & Rettig, A. C. (2014). Platelet-rich plasma significantly improves clinical outcomes in patients with chronic tennis elbow: a double-blind, prospective, multicenter, controlled trial of 230 patients. Am J Sports Med, 42(2), 463-471.

Sampson, S., Gerhardt, M., & Mandelbaum, B. (2008). Platelet rich plasma injection grafts for musculoskeletal injuries: a review. Current reviews in musculoskeletal medicine, 1(3), 165-174.

Sampson, S., Reed, M., Silvers, H., Meng, M., & Mandelbaum, B. (2010). Injection of platelet-rich plasma in patients with primary and secondary knee osteoarthritis: a pilot study. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 89(12), 961-969.

Weglein, A., Sampson, S., & Aufiero, D. (2014). Platelet rich plasma practical use in non-surgical musculoskeletal pathology. In Platelet-Rich Plasma (pp. 187-201). Springer, Berli

Shockwave Therapy

Assaly, R., Giuliano, F., Clement, P., Laurin, M., Favier, M., Teo, P., … & Behr-Roussel, D. (2019). Extracorporeal shock waves therapy delivered by aries improves erectile dysfunction in spontaneously hypertensive rats through penile tissue remodeling and neovascularization. Sexual Medicine, 7(4), 441-450.

Kalyvianakis, D., & Hatzichristou, D. (2017). Low-intensity shockwave therapy improves hemodynamic parameters in patients with vasculogenic erectile dysfunction: a triplex ultrasonography-based sham-controlled trial. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 14(7), 891-897.

Lin, G., Reed-Maldonado, A. B., Wang, B., Lee, Y. C., Zhou, J., Lu, Z., … & Lue, T. F. (2017). In situ activation of penile progenitor cells with low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy. The journal of sexual medicine, 14(4), 493-501.

Ruan, Y., Zhou, J., Kang, N., Reed‐Maldonado, A. B., Tamaddon, A., Wang, B., … & Lue, T. F. (2018). The effect of low‐intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy in an obesity‐associated erectile dysfunction rat model. BJU international, 122(1), 133-142.

Spivak, L., Shultz, T., Appel, B., Verze, P., Yagudaev, D., & Vinarov, A. (2021). Low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy for erectile dysfunction in diabetic patients. Sexual medicine reviews, 9(4), 619-627.

Wang, H. S., Ruan, Y., Banie, L., Cui, K., Kang, N., Peng, D., … & Lue, T. F. (2019). Delayed low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy ameliorates impaired penile hemodynamics in rats subjected to pelvic neurovascular injury. The journal of sexual medicine, 16(1), 17-26.

Wang, H. S., Oh, B. S., Wang, B., Ruan, Y., Zhou, J., Banie, L., … & Lue, T. F. (2018). Low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy ameliorates diabetic underactive bladder in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats. BJU international, 122(3), 490.

Sphenopalatine (SPG) Block

Efficiency, S. CDP Research Update–January 28, 2016.

Mulvaney, S. W., Lynch, J. H., de Leeuw, J., Schroeder, M., & Kane, S. (2015). Neurocognitive performance is not degraded after stellate ganglion block treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder: a case series. Military Medicine, 180(5), e601-e604.

Mulvaney, S. W., Lynch, J. H., & Kotwal, R. S. (2015). Clinical guidelines for stellate ganglion block to treat anxiety associated with posttraumatic stress disorder. ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX.

Mulvaney, S. W., McLean, B., & De Leeuw, J. (2010). The use of stellate ganglion block in the treatment of panic/anxiety symptoms with combat‐related post‐traumatic stress disorder; preliminary results of long‐term follow‐up: a case series. Pain Practice, 10(4), 359-365.

Olmsted, K. L. R., Bartoszek, M., Mulvaney, S., McLean, B., Turabi, A., Young, R., … & Walters, B. B. (2020). Effect of stellate ganglion block treatment on posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA psychiatry, 77(2), 130-138.

Olmsted, K. L. R., Bartoszek, M., Mulvaney, S., Mulvaney, S. W., Lynch, J. H., Curtis, K. E., & Ibrahim, T. S. (2021). The successful use of left-sided stellate ganglion block in patients that fail to respond to right-sided stellate ganglion block for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms: a retrospective analysis of 205 patients. Military Medicine.

Rutstein, J. (2019). How to enhance connection, happiness, and ease: The neuroscience of self-regulation. Retrieved June, 12, 2019.

Senaratne, J. M., Sandhu, R., Barnett, C. F., Grunau, B., Wong, G. C., & van Diepen, S. (2021). Approach to Ventricular Arrhythmias in the Intensive Care Unit. Journal of intensive care medicine, 36(7), 731-748.

Summers, M. R., & Nevin, R. L. (2017). Stellate ganglion block in the treatment of post‐traumatic stress disorder: A review of historical and recent literature. Pain Practice, 17(4), 546-553.

van Dijke, A., Hopman, J. A., & Ford, J. D. (2018). Affect dysregulation, psychoform dissociation, and adult relational fears mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and complex posttraumatic stress disorder independent of the symptoms of borderline personality disorder. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 9(1), 1400878.

Stellate Ganglion Block

Efficiency, S. CDP Research Update–January 28, 2016.

Kim, Y. U., Shin, Y. J., & Cho, Y. W. (2018). Use of stellate ganglion block for treatment of recurrent syncope followed by chest pain. Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine, 35(1), 104.

Mulvaney, S. W., Lynch, J. H., Hickey, M. J., Rahman-Rawlins, T., Schroeder, M., Kane, S., & Lipov, E. (2014). Stellate ganglion block used to treat symptoms associated with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder: a case series of 166 patients. Military Medicine, 179(10), 1133-1140.

Mulvaney, S. W., McLean, B., & De Leeuw, J. (2010). The use of stellate ganglion block in the treatment of panic/anxiety symptoms with combat‐related post‐traumatic stress disorder; preliminary results of long‐term follow‐up: a case series. Pain Practice, 10(4), 359-365.

Mulvaney, S. W., Lynch, J. H., & Kotwal, R. S. (2015). Clinical guidelines for stellate ganglion block to treat anxiety associated with posttraumatic stress disorder. ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX.

Mulvaney, S. W., Lynch, J. H., de Leeuw, J., Schroeder, M., & Kane, S. (2015). Neurocognitive performance is not degraded after stellate ganglion block treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder: a case series. Military Medicine, 180(5), e601-e604.

Mulvaney, S. W., Lynch, J. H., Curtis, K. E., & Ibrahim, T. S. (2021). The successful use of left-sided stellate ganglion block in patients that fail to respond to right-sided stellate ganglion block for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms: a retrospective analysis of 205 patients. Military Medicine.

Olmsted, K. L. R., Bartoszek, M., Mulvaney, S., McLean, B., Turabi, A., Young, R., … & Walters, B. B. (2020). Effect of stellate ganglion block treatment on posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA psychiatry, 77(2), 130-138.

Rutstein, J. (2019). How to enhance connection, happiness, and ease: The neuroscience of self-regulation. Retrieved June, 12, 2019.

van Dijke, A., Hopman, J. A., & Ford, J. D. (2018). Affect dysregulation, psychoform dissociation, and adult relational fears mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and complex posttraumatic stress disorder independent of the symptoms of borderline personality disorder. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 9(1), 1400878.

Ultrasound Guided Procedures

Barr, L., Hatch, N., Roque, P. J., & Wu, T. S. (2014). Basic ultrasound-guided procedures. Critical Care Clinics, 30(2), 275-304.

Chen, A. S., Miccio Jr, V. F., Smith, C. C., Christolias, G. C., & Blanchard, A. R. (2019). Procedural pain during lumbar medial branch blocks with and without skin wheal anesthesia: A prospective comparative observational study. Pain Medicine, 20(4), 779-783.

Craig, J. G. (1999). Infection: ultrasound-guided procedures. Radiologic Clinics of North America, 37(4), 669-678.

Epis, O., Iagnocco, A., Meenagh, G., Riente, L., Delle Sedie, A., Filippucci, E., … & Montecucco, C. (2008). Ultrasound imaging for the rheumatologist. XVI. Ultrasound-guided procedures.

Felson, D. T. (2006). Osteoarthritis of the knee. New England Journal of Medicine, 354(8), 841-848.

Norbury, J. W., & Nazarian, L. N. (2019). Ultrasound‐guided treatment of peripheral entrapment mononeuropathies. Muscle & nerve, 60(3), 222-231.

Sconfienza, L. M., Perrone, N., Lacelli, F., Lentino, C., & Serafini, G. (2008). Ultrasound-guided injection of botulinum toxin A in the treatment of iliopsoas spasticity. Journal of Ultrasound, 11(3), 113-117.

Sharma, L. (2021). Osteoarthritis of the knee. New England Journal of Medicine, 384(1), 51-59.

Strakowski, J. A. (2016). Ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve procedures. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics, 27(3), 687-715.

Sultan, S. F., Shorten, G., & Iohom, G. (2013). Simulators for training in ultrasound guided procedures. Medical ultrasonography, 15(2), 125-131.

Tenny, S., & Gillis, C. C. (2017). Annular disc tear.

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